At an international level, initiatives to combat the exploitation of child labour are based first and foremost on the development of a series of conventional instruments that must be ratified by individual countries.
The first treaty on child labour was the ILO Convention No. 5 on the minimum age for admission to industrial work of 1919.
This was followed by Convention No. 29 of 1929, which first introduced a prohibition on having children perform activities and/or services under threat of punishment or otherwise not performed voluntarily.
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